You’ve just bought a puppy home. He’s the cutest thing in the world right now; but he’s not very clean, is he? Training a puppy is not the easiest of tasks; it requires dedication, focus and an unnerving belief that he’s yours no matter what. Now, in a house where you don’t have a yard outside, training a puppy doesn’t have to be difficult; you can adopt a different strategy altogether. In the following few paragraphs, we shall give some important guidelines about house training a puppy, in a house without a yard, as well as one with a yard.
Remember, if you don’t have a yard, you need to teach your pup to do its business outside of the apartment. In their early ages, puppies will defecate anywhere they can. However, start using a crate with your puppy in order to make it feel more warm and comfortable. The crate will also give the pup a sense of belonging. Also, potty training begins the day you bring the pup home. Look for signs when the pup needs to defecate. Usually, the puppy will put its weight on its front legs before going. The minute you notice the signs, carry you pup to a washroom or go outside of the house for him to do his business. Remember, puppies usually defecate in the morning, or 20 minutes after every meal. Keep this in mind, and life will become a lot easier.
It is a no brainer, really: in the morning and after every meal, take your dog outside to the yard. They will soon learn that they must do their business outside, and it won’t be long before every morning your pup will be jumping on your bed waiting for you to take them out!
If you don’t have a yard, you need to find a bunch of different activities for your pup to keep himself engaged in, because if you don’t, you can say goodbye to your furniture. You need to channel the energy that is in your pet into something positive. Try to keep the pup engaged in one thing or another. Remember, they will be looking to explore every nook and cranny of the household, so make sure you allow them to (as long as it’s safe, of course). If the pup begins chewing on any piece of your furniture, stop them in a strict voice (never hit the pup!). The pup will soon understand its boundaries, and will remain active as long as you are around.
Take the pup out in to the yard for long periods of time in the day (make sure it doesn’t go too long, as that will not help in getting familiar with the household surroundings). The yard will seem like a completely different place for the pup and it will enjoy jumping around and exploring all the different scents. Stand guard over the pup so that it doesn’t wander off. Try calling to it, and when it does respond, give it a treat.
If you don’t have a yard, you need to give your puppy a crate in which to sleep in at night. Puppies, by their very nature, are territorial, and hence will adapt to one place which they will think as their own. This might be a makeshift bed, or a crate. Regardless, you need to make sure that you teach it that the crate is a friendly place, rather than using it as a form of punishment. Also, no crating for long periods of time!
If you have a yard and are interested, consider placing a kennel and keeping your dog on a leash. Teach it to return to the kennel at night, and sleep inside. Needless to say, you need to make the kennel as comfortable for the dog as possible (place some dog toys and treats in there!). Remember that not all dogs can live outside - small breads and puppies should probably be kept inside. Also be careful and notice extreme weather conditions, and most importantly, listen and be attentive to your dog's needs.